EMDR stands for Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing, a psychotherapy technique that helps people heal from the emotional distress caused by traumatic memories. EMDR is based on the Adaptive Information Processing model, which suggests that the brain can process traumatic memories differently from normal memories, leading to psychological problems. EMDR involves focusing on a traumatic memory while receiving bilateral stimulation, such as eye movements, tapping or sounds, to reduce the intensity and negative impact of the memory. EMDR has been shown to be effective for treating post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other mental health conditions.